The Masters Tournament, the U.S. Open, and the PGA Championship

Best known outside the United States as the Open Championship or, simply, the Open, it has been held annually on various courses in Scotland, England

The first Open Championship was played on October 17, 1860, at Prestwick Golf Club in Scotland

The tournament was opened to amateurs in 1861. In 1863 a purse of £10—which was to be shared among the professionals who finished in second, third, and fourth place

In 1892 the Open became a 72-hole event (four rounds of 18 holes), and in 1898 a cut (reduction of the field) was introduced after the first two rounds of play

Watson’s final win in 1983 ended an era of U.S. domination, during which American golfers won 12 times in 14 years

Another notable Open champion is Jack Nicklaus, who won in 1966, 1970, and 1978 and placed in the top five 16 times, including seven second-place finishes

The Open is a unique event and is of great importance to professionals and amateur golfers alike, as well as to fans of golf