Public Health Emergency of International Concern 2022

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    Public Health Emergency of International Concern 2022!!
    Public Health Emergency of International Concern 2022!!

    A Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) is a legal statement by the World Health Organization (WHO) of “a crisis that is devoted to posing a public health threat to other States through the global spread of disease and may need a joint global response”.

    Public Health Emergency of International Concern 2022!!

    This means that when a problem occurs that is “severe, sudden, unusual or surprising, has importance for public health outside the federal boundaries of the concerned state” and “may require direct global action”.

    Under the International Health Regulations (IHR), states have a lawful duty to respond quickly to threats and dangers to public health of international concern.

    The IHR Emergency Committee (EC) of International Experts published the Declaration, developed after the 2002–2004 SARS attack.

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    Seven PHEICs have been reported between 2009 and 2022: the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, the 2014 polio statement, the 2013–2016 West African Ebola attack, the 2015–16 Zika virus epidemic 2018 –20 Ebola Kivu epidemic, the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and the continued monkeypox outbreak in 2022. The offers are brief and require checking every three months.

    SARS, smallpox, wild-type poliomyelitis and any new subtype of human influenza are supposed PHEICs and therefore do not require a decision by the MoH to claim them as such.

    PHEIC is not limited to infectious diseases and may relate to an emergency caused by exposure to a chemical or radioactive material. It can be assumed as an “alarm method”, a “call to action,” and a “last resort” measure.

    There are many management and reply systems around the world for early detection and adequate answer to prevent the spread of the infection. Time waits happen for two leading causes.

    The first is the pause between the first case and proof of an outbreak by the health system, mitigated by fair surveillance through data compilation, evaluation and organization.

    The second is when there is a pause between detecting an outbreak and its public recognition and Declaration as a global problem.

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    The Declaration is given by an Emergency Committee (EC) of global experts working under the IHR, created after the SARS outbreak in 2002–2003. Between 2009 and 2016, there were four PHEIC declarations.

    The fifth was the 2018–20 Kivu Ebola outbreak, which was notified on 17 July 2019. The sixth was the 2019–20 COVID-19 pandemic.

     The seventh is a monkeypox outbreak in 2022; Under the International Health Regulations (IHR), states have a lawful duty to respond fast to threats to public health of international concern.

    To report a PHEIC, the WHO Director-General must take into considerations aspects that include a threat to human health and global spread, as well as the advice of a worldwide committee of experts, the IHR Emergency Committee, one of whom should be a state-appointed expert, in whose area the event happens.

    Rather than being a fixed committee, the EC is created ad hoc. Until 2011, the names of the IHR EC members were not publicly revealed; as a result of the reforms, now they are.

    These associates are selected according to the appropriate infection and the nature of the event. The names are taken from the IHR Experts Roster. The Director General accepts the EC’s proposal following its technical assessment of the crisis using legal criteria and a predetermined algorithm after reviewing all available data on the event.

    After the statement, the EC then issues recommendations on what measures the Director General and member states should take to resolve the crisis. Suggestions are temporary and require review every three months.

    PHEIC is not limited to infectious diseases and may relate to an emergency caused by exposure to a chemical or radioactive material. It can be assumed as an “alarm method”, a “call to action,” and a “last resort” measure.

    There are many management and reply systems around the world for early detection and adequate answer to prevent the spread of the infection. Time waits happen for two leading causes.

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